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Five common protective devices for electric hoists

Category : W12 Stage Inteligent hoist

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Five common protective devices for electric hoists

The role of electrical equipment as one of the important accessories of electric hoists is very obvious. What are the five common protective devices in electrical equipment? Let's analyze them one by one:

1. Lift limit position limiter: In the past, the lifting limit device was a heavy hammer type. The heavy hammer type limit device can only pray for power outage and parking when lifting to the highest limit position, and cannot control the lowering limit position. At present, the vast majority of lifting limiters are bidirectional limiters, which are used in conjunction with rope guides. When the drum rotates to lift a heavy object, the steel wire rope is wrapped around the rope guide and moves the stopper at one end of the limit switch's guide rod, causing the limit switch to power off and stop at the upper limit position. The drum rotates in the opposite direction to lower the load, and the rope guide moves in the opposite direction to the other stop of the guide rod of the limit switch. The guide rod is then moved to cut off the power of the limit switch and stop the machine until it reaches the maximum lowering position.

2. Operating limit position limiter

The limit switch, also known as the travel switch, is installed on the lifting trolley (double hoist) and end beam of the hoist crane. A safety ruler is installed at an appropriate position on the lifting trolley track and the crane crane crane running track end. When the travel switch touches the safety ruler, it will immediately cut off power and stop to the limit position.

3. Safety alarm device: Safety alarm devices are often used in conjunction with overload limiters. Generally, when the load reaches 90% of the rated lifting capacity, they can emit warning models, such as indicator lights and buzzers for sound and light display. Some may be equipped with lifting capacity displays on flashlights.

4. Overload limiters: In order to prevent accidents caused by overloading and lifting heavy objects, electric hoists should generally be equipped with different types of lifting weight limiters. The currently used overload limiters can be roughly divided into mechanical spring compression rod type, lever type, and friction plate type force sensing type, current detection type, and load measurement type according to their structure and principle. The recommended and widely used one is the force sensing overload limiter.

5. Phase sequence protection: Phase sequence protection, also known as phase mismatch protection, is currently not available in domestically produced CD and MD electric hoists. Only imported AS electric hoists have this protection function. Wrong phase protection is used in conjunction with the limit up position limiter, that is, when designing the limit up position limiter, a pair of switch contacts are added to the limiter. When the first pair of (limit up contacts) contacts do not work, the lifting device continues to rise and opens the second pair of contacts, cutting off the power supply of the motor. Even if the motor is wired in the wrong phase, it will not cause accidents.